Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve is a pristine and unique eco-system situated in the Chandrapur district of the Maharashtra State of India. Tadoba gets the reputation of the oldest national park of Maharashtra. It was declared as a sanctuary in 1955. 'Tadoba-Andhari Tiger Reserve', total area of 625.40 sq. kms. TATR has total 109 Tigers in Core (70) and Buffer area with the density of 9.05 sq. km per Tiger.
The name Tadoba was derived from the tribal God 'Taru', who was believed to be fallen dead, fighting with a Tiger. The temple of tribal God Taru is situated on the bank of Tadoba Lake. Andhari name is given because Andhari River flows through the forest.
TATR comes into the 'Southern Tropical Dry Deciduous' type of forest, which looks almost dry in summer and terns greener and dense in monsoon. The terrain is flat in many areas, but some area is hilly and rocky. That makes it a superb habitat for wildlife. TATR is the best protected tiger reserve of the country. It is a magnificent home of big striped cat The Royal Bengal Tiger and other wild creature. It is one of the best habitat and jungle of Central India. The spectacular landscape features best forests tracks, flourishing green meadows and lush bamboo growth.WILDLIFE
The numbers of Tigers are very good here and this is the reason it is one of the highest tiger density reserve in country also TATR has reputation of highest Tiger sighting of all tiger reserves of Maharashtra. The wildlife of Tadoba is very remarkable. With the Tiger, other animals are also in good quantity, providing prey base to major carnivorous animals like Tiger and Leopard. Leopard is a shy creature but if you are lucky enough you can get an opportunity to watch a Leopard. Apart from the species of Bengal Tiger, this park is home to other mammals like Sloth Bear, Leopard, Rusty Spotted Cat, Gaur (Indian Bison), Indian Mouse Deer, Hyenas, Wild Boars, Ratel, Sambar, Wild Pig, Spotted Deer, Flying Squirrel, Four Horned Antelope, Common Langoors to name a few. As soon as the night begins, the small Indian Civet, the Palm Civet, the Ratel and the flying squirrel makes us feel their presence.BIRDS AND BUTTERFLIES
Tadoba is a paradise for bird watchers. More than 250 bird’s species were recorded here. From the tallest Sarus Crane to the small Tickell's Flower peaker, all are here. The most watchful birds are Eagles, Vultures, Falcons, Buzzards, Peafowl’s, Jungle fowls, Tree pies, Orioles, Mynas, Flycatchers, Drongos, Cuckoos, Pigeons and Doves. Just adjoin to the boundary, back water of Erai dam is a good site for watching migratory birds. Geese, Ducks, Waders, Ibis, Storks, Egrets, Herons, Cormorants, Pratincoles are seen here in winter.
This is a fantastic place for watching nature's flying jewels, the Butterfly. Near about 80 species of Butterflies are recorded here. The large wingspan of Great Egg fly to the smallest of all Grass Jewel, all attracts to nature lovers. On the dropping of Jungle Cat or Civet, you often see fast flying butterflies like Common Nawab, Rajahs and Commander. Monsoon is the best season to see butterflies and spiders.
So, if you want to experience the chilly winter mornings or Vidarbha summer afternoons, enjoy the chirp rings of the birds, see the land of the Gond Tribals who ruled this forest and also have some wilderness experiences, for wonderful sighting of Tigers and if you are nature lovers then you must visit Tadoba. Tadoba never disappoints.